Answer :

The factors influencing the distribution and density of population in the world-

I. GEOGRAPHICAL FACTORS-


Physical conditions like Climate, landforms in terms of altitude, type of soil and the availability of energy are the important factors of population distribution.


I. Temperature is an important factor in a climate which determines human life in an area. Example- Life in the Arctic region and in the desert region.


II. Water is very essential for human beings and for their survival. Rainfall and other sources of water supply determined the population distribution. Like - rivers and lakes.


III. The nature of the terrain is also an important geographical feature in determining population distribution. Like in mountainous region population density is low and in arable land it is high.


IV. Quality of Soil also determines the population distribution. If soil is fertile and rich then people mostly live in that area an good for agriculture. Like Alluvial plains of Ganga and Nile


ECONOMIC FACTORS-


I. The role of energy sources and raw material also determine the distribution of the population. Presence of raw material is an ideal place for the industry. Most people wanted to settle in those places to get a job.


II. Urbanization is again an important factor of population distribution. Cities offer better job opportunities, medical facilities, educational facilities and better means of communication. All these attract rural people to urban cities.


SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FACTOR-


I. Many people wanted to settle in those areas which are religiously and culturally significant.


II. People also settle in those areas where the culture is not too different from their own.


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