Dihydrogen reacts with dioxygen (O2) to form water. Write the name and formula of the product when the isotope of hydrogen which has one proton and one neutron in its nucleus is treated with oxygen. Will the reactivity of both the isotopes be the same towards oxygen? Justify your answer.
Hydrogen has three isotopes – Protium (1H1), Deuterium (2H1), Tritium (3H1). The number of neutrons is the reason why these isotopes differ from each other in spite of having the same atomic number.
Among these isotopes, only deuterium has one proton and one neutron in its nucleus. When deuterium reacts with oxygen, deuterium oxide which is heavy water (D2O), is produced.
The D – D bond is stronger than H - H bond, therefore, H2 is more reactive than D2 towards reaction with oxygen. So, they would not have the same reactivity.
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Knowing the properties of H2O and D2O, do you think that D2O can be used for drinking purposes?NCERT - Chemistry Part-II