Q. 23.7( 7 Votes )
Differentiate between Vertical division of power and Horizontal distribution of power.
Horizontal distribution of power when the different organs of a government share powers pertaining to the governance on the whole. These organs are placed at the same level, and exercise a check on the others functioning. This way, none of the organs exercises greater control over the democracy than the others. It is also called a system of checks and balances.
On the other hand, the vertical distribution of power refers to power-sharing in the government at different levels. There is usually a central government for the entire country and regional or state governments for the provinces. The powers of the different levels of the government are clearly laid down in the constitution. Such division of power among higher and lower levels is called a vertical division of power.
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