Answer :

(i) The movement for Right to Information is one of a movement which was accepted by the state.


(ii) It was started in 1990 by an organization called Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan in Rajasthan.


(iii) They demanded records of famine relief work and accounts of laboures.


(iv) The demand was first raised in Bhim Tehshil of Rajasthan.


(v) The villagers asserted their Right to Information by asking copies, bills and vouchers and name of persons who have been paid wages on the construction of School, dispensaries and small dams etc.


(vi) On paper these development project work competed but people understood that fund was not used appropriately.


(vii) In 1994-1996 the MKSS organized Jan sunwais where administration was asked to explain.


(viii) The movement had small but great success when they could force and amendment in the Rajasthan Panchyati Raj Act. to permit the copies documents.


(ix) In 1996 MKSS formed National Council for People’s Right to Information in Delhi to raise RTI to status of National Campaign.


(x) In 2002 a week freedom of information act was legislated but never came into force.


(xi) But finally in 2004 RTI bill was tabled and passed by president in June 2005.


OR


External Disputes of Jammu and Kashmir-


a. Pakistan claim on Kashmir.


b. Training camps for militants in POK and support militancy.


c. Pakistan has illegally occupied part of Kashmir


Internal Disputes of Jammu and Kashmir-


a) Special status of J&k under article 370.


b) Status of Kashmir with in the Indian Union.


c) Laws passed by the parliament apply to J&K only if the state agree.


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