Q. 15.0( 3 Votes )
Describe the social life of the Vedic civilization.
The Social life in the Vedic Civilization can be understood through the Vedic Texts which emphasized upon different components of social life.
a. Varna System:
A prevalent system that classified society under four main divisions on the basis of karmas depicted by his ability and profession- Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. It was not initially based upon birth but labour.
The joint family system was prevalent with the eldest male as its head known as Gahapati. Women had a respectable position and were provided with an education equivalent to boys. They disregarded the veil system. Marriages were a religious rite and were done at a mature stage.
c. Ashrams and Rituals:
Social lives of men were divided into 4 periods known as Ashrams- Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha and Sanyasi. This was prevalent for social governance. 16 important rituals were illustrated in the Vedas some being- Pushvan, Mundan, Namkaran, Vivah etc that were essential to social culture.
d. Food, Dress and Entertainment:
They mainly used wheat, barley, rice, urad and milk as part of their diet.
Cotton, wool and silk were mainly made use for clothing, with both men and women adorning ornaments like bangles, necklaces etc.
Musical instruments like Veena, shank, flute etc were indulged in.
Hunting, wrestling, horse-racing and chariot-racing were prominently enjoyed as forms of entertainment.
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