The role of peasants in Awadh in the Non-Cooperation Movement:
1. Peasant movement was largely against the exploitation by talukdars and landlords, demanding reduction in revenue and removal of begar. Many Panchayats even organised nail-dhobi bhands were they refused any service to the landlords.
2. Oudh Kisan Sabha was set up by Jawaharlal Nehru and Baba Ramchandra with over 300 branches in the villages. They tried to bring Awadh’s peasant struggle within Non-Cooperation Movement.
3. The movement turned violent in 1921. The houses of talukdars and merchants, as well as the bazaars, were attacked and looted. The name of Gandhi was used by local leaders to approve every action like paying no tax.
Awadh peasants were unhappy with their landlords and talukdars for many reasons like begar (labour without pay), insecurity of tenure, high rent etc. For them, movement was against the oppression of the taluqdars and landlords. Under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, Baba Ramachandra and various local leaders, they fought for these rights. However, the movement did not remain non-violent as Gandhi and other leaders wanted it to.
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