Answer :

The role of opposition parties in the first phase of democratic

politics in our country is explained below:

1. They maintained the democratic character of the system.

2. They groomed future leaders.

3. They offered sustained criticism of the policies and practices of Congress.

4. They ensured a balance of power and kept a check on the working of the Congress.

5. They did not turn anti-democratic and thus, prevented being anti-democratic.

6. The had good personal relations with the opposition party.


The events that led to the merger of Hyderabad and Manipur

with the Union of India are:

1. The ruler of Hyderabad, Nizam had signed a standstill agreement with the government of India for one year.

2. The people of Hyderabad had started a movement against the rule of fo Nizam.

3. Women also actively participated in it.

4. Nizam’s was an oppressive ruler and the people suffered under his ruling.

5. Nizam unleashed a paramilitary force called Razakars to target non-Muslims.

6. The Central government ordered the army to tackle the situation.

7. After a few days of fighting, Nizam surrendered. This led to the merger of Hyderabad with the Union of India


1. The Maharaja of Manipur had signed the Instrument of Accession with the Indian Government.

2. This was to ensure internal autonomy in Manipur.

3. The public opinion forced the Maharaja to conduct elections. This made Manipur a constitutional monarchy.

4. Later on, the legislative assembly of Manipur was divided on the issue of merger with India.

5. The Manipur Congress was in favor of the merger.

6. The Indian government pressured the Maharaja to sign the merger agreement without consulting the Legislative Assembly.

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