There is a close relationship between food production and food security. This can be explained by the following points:
1. Food security requires that abundant, yet sufficient quantity of food is produced within a specific year.
2. To increase food production, adequate methods of farming must be employed.
3. This includes the use of high-quality seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, etc. Adequate irrigation techniques must be used as well.
4. This also involves using a proper crop producing method such as crop rotation and multiple cropping. Also, using techniques such as a drought-resistant variety of seeds or any seeds according to the climatic conditions of that area.
5. Soil and other resources must be properly used and made sure, that they are not depleted or damaged.
6. The Indian government introduced an Act in 2012, called the National Food Security Act. According to this Act, every person from a low-income family is entitled to receive 5kg of foodgrains per month at subsidized rates.
7. Other activities such as poultry and fishing must also be focused upon. The consumers, nowadays prefer a balanced diet, so it is helpful for ensuring food security.
8. The government must take out its stock of food grains for the consumption of the people. It can also import foodgrains from other countries to increase availability.
9. The total amount of food grains available would be the production of food grains during that year plus net imports minus change in stock with the government.
So, the government can employ all these steps to ensure food security through food production. However, this must be incorporated in a well-thought manner so as to balance between the food crops and nonfood crops.
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