Q. 67 A4.4( 22 Votes )

Describe the process of nutrition in Amoeba. Draw labelled diagrams to show the various steps in the nutrition in Amoeba.

Answer :

Nutrition in amoeba

Nutrition in amoeba involves the following steps-

(i) Ingestion: Amoeba is a unicellular organism which feeds on microscopic plants and animals which flowt on water. The mode of nutrition in Amoeba is holozoic. Amoeba has no mouth for ingestion of food. It ingests the food by using finger-like extension of cell surface called pseudopodia. The food is engulfed with little water to form a food vacuole.

(ii) Digestion: The food is digested in the food vacuole by digestive enzymes which break down the food into small and soluble molecules by chemical reactions.

(iii) Absorption: The digested food, present in the food vacuole is absorbed directly into the cytoplasm by diffusion. The digested food spreads out from the food vacuole into the whole amoeba cell. After absorption, the food vacuole shrinks and disappears.

(iv) Assimilation: In this step, the absorbed food is used to obtain energy through respiration and other metabolic activities which lead to the growth of Amoeba.

(v) Egestion: Amoeba has no particular point from which the egestion takes place. When considerable amount of undigested food collects inside the cell, then its cell membrane ruptures at any place. Through this, the undigested food is thrown out of the body.

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