Answer :

Potassium dichromate is prepared from chromite ore(FeCr2O4) by the following steps:

Step1: Preparation of sodium dichromate in the reaction of Chromite ore with sodium hydroxide and oxygen gas.

4FeCr2O4 + 16NaOH + 7O2 8Na2CrO4 + 2Fe2O3 + 8H2O

Step2: Conversion of Sodium Chromate on reaction with concentrated Sulfuric acid gives Sodium dichromate as a product.

2Na2CrO4 + conc. H2SO4 Na2Cr2O7 + Na2SO4 + H2O

Step3: Sodium dichromate on reaction with potassium chloride converts to potassium dichromate as a product.

Na2Cr2O7 + 2KCl K2Cr2O7 + 2NaCl

As potassium dichromate is less soluble than sodium chloride so, potassium dichromate is obtained in form of orange crystals.

Dichromate ion exists in equilibrium with chromate ion at around pH. However, by changing the pH they can be interconverted.

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