Q. 144.1( 14 Votes )
Describe the prep
Potassium dichromate is prepared from chromite ore(FeCr2O4) by the following steps:
Step1: Preparation of sodium dichromate in the reaction of Chromite ore with sodium hydroxide and oxygen gas.
4FeCr2O4 + 16NaOH + 7O2 → 8Na2CrO4 + 2Fe2O3 + 8H2O
Step2: Conversion of Sodium Chromate on reaction with concentrated Sulfuric acid gives Sodium dichromate as a product.
2Na2CrO4 + conc. H2SO4 → Na2Cr2O7 + Na2SO4 + H2O
Step3: Sodium dichromate on reaction with potassium chloride converts to potassium dichromate as a product.
Na2Cr2O7 + 2KCl → K2Cr2O7 + 2NaCl
As potassium dichromate is less soluble than sodium chloride so, potassium dichromate is obtained in form of orange crystals.
Dichromate ion exists in equilibrium with chromate ion at around pH. However, by changing the pH they can be interconverted.
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