Answer :

The Supreme Court is at the top of the integrated judiciary system.

Organization:


a. The Supreme Court consists of 30 judges and 1 chief justice of India.


b. They are appointed by the President of India.


c. They attain the office until 65 years of age.


Jurisdiction:


Original Jurisdiction:


a. The disputes Between the Government of India and one or more states.


b. The disputes Between the Government of India and any state or states or one side and one or more other states on the other.


c. The disputes between two or more states.


d. The dispute arising out of any treaty, agreement, etc.


e. Interstate water dispute.


f. Financial matters like expenses and pensions.


Appellate jurisdiction:


a. if the High Court certifies that the case involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of this constitution.


b. If High Court certifies that in the opinion of the High Court the said question needs to be decided by the Supreme Court.


c. When High Court has on appeal reversed an order of acquittal of an accused person and sentenced him to death.


Writ Jurisdiction:


a. A writ is a directive issued by the Supreme Court and High Courts in India to carry out their directives for the enforcement of the fundamental right


b. The Supreme Court can issue writs only for the enforcement of fundamental rights under Article 32.


Advisory Jurisdiction


a. President can refer to court either on a question of law or on a question of fact provided it is of public importance.


b. The President is empowered to refer to SC for its opinion regarding disputes, arising out of provisions of a treaty, agreement, etc.


Powers:


a. Judicial review is the power of the constitution where it can review the legality of the executive orders.


b. It decides the disputes regarding the election of the President and the Vice President.


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