Q. 173.7( 6 Votes )

Describe the majo

Answer :

The vegetation differs according to the height in the Himalayan region.

(i) There are tropical deciduous forests in the foothills that is th Shiwaliks . ‘Sal’ is the most important species of economic significance.


(ii) The zone with altitude 1000 m – 2000 m consists of evergreen forests. Examples include Beech, chestnut, oak, ash, etc. These at a higher altitude are replaced by ‘chir’ and ‘chil’.


(iii) The zone between 1500m – 3000 m includes pine, cedar, silver fir and spruce. They are the famous coniferous trees, typical of the dry temperate region found in the inner Himalayan region.


(iv) At the height of 3600 m or more, shrubs, scrubs, and grasses of alpine variety are found.


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