Q. 205.0( 2 Votes )
The main challenges of agriculture in India are mentioned below:
1. Low productivity: The level of productivity of agriculture in India is extremely low. This is mainly due to the increased pressure on land, the vast rainfed areas and the dry land which grows pulses and oilseed. Although the high yielding variety seeds have been introduced in India many years ago, only 16% of the areas covered under this.
2. Dependence on monsoon: The irrigation facilities of India cover only a small portion of 33% of the total agricultural land in India. The production of crops depends heavily on the level of monsoon. The poor level of monsoon negatively affects the water available for supply for irrigation. There are many drought-prone areas which are not fit for crop production. On the other hand, there are certain parts of India where the level of rainfall is so high that it creates floods.
3. Lack of implementation of landforms: Although the Government of India has been introducing many landforms for the improvement of agriculture for many years, it has not been adequate. A major area where this has not been executed properly is the small lands which are used for cultivation but could have been put to some other better purpose.
4. The small size of farms: There are many farms in India which are extremely small and marginal inside. More than 60% of Land Holdings in India fall under this category.
5. Lack of finance: This is a major problem in India. If a farmer wants to implement modern agriculture technique he requires a lot of heavy and expensive machinery. But due to the constraints of Finance is unable to do so. The small and marginal farmers avail credit from various Institutions especially the money lenders. Eventually, they fall into a trap of debt.
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