Q. 1

Describe the main characteristics of Vedic philosophy.

Answer :

Vedic philosophy is one of the most important among all ancient Indian philosophies that derives its teachings from the Vedic literature.

It lays emphasis on the following major philosophies:


(i) Religious notion of Vedic philosophy:
It puts great reverence to natural forces like Indra, Mitra, Varuna, Agni, Yama. We find many hymns and ceremonies dedicated to them. They viewed a unitary God as the creator, preserver and destroyer, only called by different names by man. Although, the presence of multi-gods and goddesses are described in the Vedas, who are representations of either natural forces or feelings like Shraddha, Krodha etc. Ritualistic ceremonies like yajna were conducted and idol worship was not practised.


(ii) Atman (Soul):
The Vedic philosophy is deeply rooted in the principle of unity among all men. It indicates that the soul of all-pervasive Brahma in the world and man’s soul are one and the same. This emphasises on the ultimate objective of feeling Sachidananda, or Permanent bliss and happiness due to the realisation of this Ekatma. Vedic philosophy thus encourages the promotion of a message of tolerance, to all of mankind.


(iii) Four Purushathas:
The Vedic Religion mentions following certain basic principles that would lead to ultimate development both spiritually and physically. This was underlined through four distinct Purusharthas.
They are as follows:
a. Dharma: referring to the fulfilment of duties and practising good conduct
b. Artha: referring to money, which brings material wealth in life
c. Kama: referring to physical pleasures
d. Moksha: referring to the practice of liberation, that is seen as the ultimate aim of life


(iv) Rebirth:
Rebirth of the soul is taken depending upon man’s karma (deeds), which can make his life fulfilled. The concept of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam is also illustrated where a man can free himself from the chains of narrowness by considering the whole world as his family.


(v) To spend money wisely:
Upanishads mention that man should not spend lavishly as it hinders him from performing his duties by being a cause of greed and illusion.


These principles thus illustrate how Vedic religion inspires integrity, good conduct and co-operation amongst men.


Rate this question :

How useful is this solution?
We strive to provide quality solutions. Please rate us to serve you better.
Related Videos
Smart Revision | World of CirclesSmart Revision | World of CirclesSmart Revision | World of Circles44 mins
Smart Revision | Rutherford's ExperimentSmart Revision | Rutherford's ExperimentSmart Revision | Rutherford's Experiment43 mins
Champ Quiz | Nazism and Rise of HitlerChamp Quiz | Nazism and Rise of HitlerChamp Quiz | Nazism and Rise of Hitler46 mins
Dance of the Tectonic wayDance of the Tectonic wayDance of the Tectonic way32 mins
Interactive Quiz: Cell OrganisationInteractive Quiz: Cell OrganisationInteractive Quiz: Cell Organisation47 mins
Interactive Quiz - Cell OrganellesInteractive Quiz - Cell OrganellesInteractive Quiz - Cell Organelles43 mins
The Story of Village PalampurThe Story of Village PalampurThe Story of Village Palampur38 mins
Quiz | Are you Ready for an Olympiad?Quiz | Are you Ready for an Olympiad?Quiz | Are you Ready for an Olympiad?44 mins
Quiz | Cell DivisionQuiz | Cell DivisionQuiz | Cell Division47 mins
Origin of LIFEOrigin of LIFEOrigin of LIFE39 mins
Try our Mini CourseMaster Important Topics in 7 DaysLearn from IITians, NITians, Doctors & Academic Experts
Dedicated counsellor for each student
24X7 Doubt Resolution
Daily Report Card
Detailed Performance Evaluation
caricature
view all courses