Describe the life in Ganga-Brahmaputra basin.
The Ganga-Brahmaputra basin is formed by the tributaries of river Ganges and Brahmaputra.
1. Some of the tributaries of the Ganges like the Gandhak, the Chambal, the Son and the Kosi and the tributaries of the Brahmaputra like Teesta and Meghna forms this basin.
2. This basin lies between 10°N latitude and 30° N latitude.
3. This basin lies in the subtropical region.
4. The Ganga-Brahmaputra basin is densely populated and is very fertile.
5. The Himalayas and the Sunderban delta also form part of this basin.
6. This basin enjoys hot climate in summers and is cold in winters.
7. The plain areas of this basin are inhabited by many people whereas the mountain slopes are sparsely populated.
8. The plain areas which are very fertile are used for agriculture, thus making it the primary occupation of the inhabitants.
9. Terrace farming is seen widely.
10. Cash crops like jute and sugarcane are grown. The main crop is paddy and the secondary crops are millets, maize and grams.
11. The Ganga-Brahmaputra basin is the home of many wildlife. Tigers, deer, monkeys and elephants are some of the animals seen here. Crocodiles and Bengal tiger are also spotted.
12. Rivers and lakes surrounding the basin are also the home of many aquatic creatures like Hilsa, Catla and blind dolphin.
13. We can find trees like Sal, Teak, Peepal and thick Bamboo trees.
14. River Ganga flows through Allahabad, Kanpur, Varanasi, Patna and Kolkata while the Brahmaputra flows through Nepal, Bhutan, Arunachal Pradesh and Bangladesh.
15. Means of transport like road, rail and air are well developed.
Thus, the fertile Ganga-Brahmaputra basin has become an attractive tourist destination with places like the Taj Mahal, the Kaziranga and Manas Wildlife Sanctuaries and some Buddhist Stupas.
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