Describe the issues relating to environmental degradation.
The issues related to environmental degradation are highlighted below:
a. The national forests are being cut down and leading to large scale displacement of the residents. They are important to stabilize the climate, moderate the water supplies and harbor the majority of the planet's biodiversity on land.
b. The decline in the total amount of ozone in the Earth's stratosphere is a danger to the health of the planet.
c. Grasslands and fisheries have been overexploited.
d. There is no food production on the polluted and depleted water bodies.
e. The coastal areas are becoming polluted due to land-based activities.
f. The reduction in the quality of the Marine Environment.
g. The ever increasing pressure on the land due to the increasing population.
h. The cultivable land is declining and the agricultural fertile land is losing its fertility.
i. According to the Human Development Report 2016 of the UNDP, 663 million people in developing countries have no access to safe water.
j. 2.4 million people do not have access to sanitation. This has led to the death of more than 3 million children every year.
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What are the global commons? Why is it said that international cooperation over the global commons is not easy?Political Science - Board Papers
In the given political outline map of the world, five countries have been marked as
±A, ±B, ±C, ± D and ± E . Identify these countries on the basis of information given
below and write their correct names in your answer book along with their respective
serial number of the information used and the concerned alphabets as per the
following format :
(i) The country where ‘Earth Summit’ was held in June 1992.
(ii) A leading contributor to greenhouse gas emissions.
(iii) A country is known for its anti-dam pro-river movements.
(iv) A country exempted from the requirement of the Kyoto Protocol.
(v) The second largest producer of crude oil in the world.Political Science - Board Papers
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Note: The following question is for the Visually Impaired candidates only, in lieu of
Answer the following questions :
(i) Name the country where ‘Montreal Protocol’ was signed in 1987.
(ii) Name the country where ‘Kyoto Protocol’ was agreed upon in 1997.
(iii) Which country mainly advocated the view that the major responsibility of curbing gas emissions rests with the developed countries?
(iv) Which country from North America is known for its forest movements?
(v) Mention the South American country which is facing enormous pressure due to deforestation.Political Science - Board Papers