Q. 19

Describe the importance of Indian in the world space campaign.

Answer :

i. In India, space research was started in 1948 in the form of Physical search laboratory at Ahmedabad. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the space office of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bangalore.


ii. Its vision is to "bridle space innovation for national advancement while seeking after space science looks into and planetary exploration." ISRO assembled India's first satellite, Aryabhata, which was propelled by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975.


iii. It was named after the Mathematician Aryabhata. In 1980, Rohini turned into the principal satellite to be set in a circle by an Indian-made dispatch vehicle, SLV-3. ISRO in this manner created two different rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) for propelling satellites into polar circles and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) for putting satellites into geostationary circles. These rockets have propelled various correspondences satellites and earth perception satellites.


iv. Satellite route frameworks like GAGAN and IRNSS have been conveyed. In January 2014, ISRO utilized an indigenous cryogenic motor in a GSLV-D5 dispatch of the GSAT-14.


v. ISRO sent a lunar orbiter, Chandrayaan-1, on 22 October 2008 and a Mars orbiter, Mars Orbiter Mission, on 5 November 2013, which entered Mars orbit on 24 September 2014, making India the first nation to succeed on its first attempt to Mars, and ISRO the fourth space agency in the world as well as the first space agency in Asia to reach Mars orbit.


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