Q. 84.9( 7 Votes )

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Answer :

Ideas of national unity in early-nineteenth-century Europe were closely associated with the ideology of liberalism. The term ‘liberalism' derives from the Latin word liber which means to be free. There were newly emerged middle classes liberalism, in which they stood for freedom for the individual and equality of all before the law. Politically, it emphasized the concept of government by consent. Since the French Revolution, liberalism had stood for the end of autocracy and clerical privileges, a constitution and representative government through parliament. Nineteenth-century liberals also stressed the sacredness of private property. Liberalism stood for the freedom of markets and the abolition of state-imposed restrictions on the movement of goods and capital. During the nineteenth century, this was a strong demand of the emerging middle classes.


Vietnam was a country who was continuously in foreign domination. The French troops landed in Vietnam in 1858 and by the mid-1880s they established a firm grip around its northern region. In 1887, the French Indo-China was formed. In the subsequent periods, the French consolidate their position in the country. They had to launch a full-fledged struggle to regain independence from French domination.

Ho Chi Minh was an important personality in the Vietnamese struggle for independence. In February 1930, Ho Chi Minh consolidated the competing nationalist groups to establish the Vietnamese Communist (Vietnam Cong San Dang) Party. It was later renamed as the Indo-Chinese Communist Party. In 1940 Japan occupied Vietnam, as part of its strategy to control Southeast Asia. With a long drawn struggle for independence, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was formed and Ho Chi Minh became Chairman. With the increasing French occupancy, the country had to be split into two-one under the leadership of Bao Dei and another under Ho Chi Ming. He again fought for the reunification of the country in the peace conferences. He formed the Ho Chi Ming trail for the transfer of men and materials from north to the south. Thus he was an important figure in the independence struggle of Vietnam.

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