Answer :

Four basic aims or Chaturved Sukh are mentioned in ancient Indian literature. The four basic aims are:

1. Dharma: Dharma is virtuous. It is related to the purity of livelihood. It is needed and followed to become superior. Ethical rules and good conduct are its basis. It is required to maintain order in a society.


2. Artha: Artha is the basis of Dharma. In the Vedas, splendor, money, knowledge, and property are considered as wealth. Knowledge, land, gold, silver, animal, paddy, grain and metal made equipment are considered as Artha.


3. Kama: The Kama runs the world. The kama does all the work. The person becomes the same as a kind of work he does. It is regarded as the reason and the origin of various activities in the form of various wishes.


4. Moksha: Moksha means liberation from bondage and all the desires.


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