Describe the factors that make most of the former Soviet Republics prone to conflicts and threats.
Former Soviet Republics are prone to conflicts and threats and the origin of such can be traced back to when they were a part of the USSR. The disintegration of the USSR led to the rise of these conflicts and threats as former satellite states went against the idea of a federation and started making exit claims. This also led to high levels of ethnic conflicts in the region. The factors that make most of the former Soviet republics prone to conflicts and threats are as follows –
• The aspirations of the people which had started taking new leanings with exposure to the ideals of capitalism, democracy etc were not met because of the inherent internal weakness present in the Soviet Unions political and economic institutions.
• The economic weakness was mostly due to spending on military, maintenance of satellite states in Eastern Europe along with the Central Asian Republics. There was also a huge shortage of consumer goods leading to general poverty. The resultant persistent economic stagnation threatened civilian peace and prosperity.
• The economy was also burdened by the development of its satellite states in eastern Europe and within the Soviet system.
• The USSR may have been comprised of 15 different states, but Russia was a dominating nation. This caused the rise of nationalism and the desire for sovereignty within various republics including Russia and the Baltic republics (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), Ukraine, Georgia.
• The area covered by the erstwhile USSR was huge in terms of not only space but also in terms of diversity. The ethnic and religious differences also gave rise to conflicts from time to time as different separatist groups try to assert their dominance in the region.
All the mentioned factors have made the concerned region a hot bed for conflicts. The clash between the central dominant powers and the states along with the presence of separatist extremist groups have led to human rights violation in the region and loss of lives and property.
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Which one of the following was not given primacy by the makers of the Soviet System?
a) Abolition of private property.
b) Society based on the principle of equality.
c) No opposition party to be allowed.
d) No state control over economyPolitical Science - Board Papers
The value of the ruble declined dramatically. The rate of inflation was so high that people lost all their savings. The collective farm system disintegrated leaving people without food security, and the government started to import food. The old trading structure broke down with no alternative in its place. The old system of social welfare was systematically destroyed. The withdrawal of government subsidies pushed large sections of the people into poverty.
Read the above passage carefully and answer the following questions:
(i) What is meant by subsidy?
(ii) How did the disintegration of collective farm system lead to the loss of food security?
(iii) This passage is associated to which country? Why did the government start importing food?Political Science - Board Papers