Q. 224.2( 6 Votes )

Describe the contribution of agriculture to the national economy.


Describe any five technological and institutional reforms initiated to improve the standard of agriculture in India.

Answer :

Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy.

1. Agriculture is the primary occupation of most of the people.

2. It is the source of raw materials to the secondary sector.

3. The surplus agricultural products have been exported to other countries thus helping in generating foreign income.

4. Improvements in agriculture have helped in achieving self-sufficiency.

5. The increase in agricultural income has increased the per capita income of the farmers.

Thus, agriculture has made a major contribution to the development of Indian economy.


The Government of India has taken several measures to improve the standard of agriculture as well as the farmers.

1. The Government supplies High Yield Variety seeds and fertilizers at a cheaper rate.

2. Sanctioning of loans to farmers has been made easy.

3. Zamindari system has been abolished, and illegal holdings of land have been kept under check.

4. Exploitation is prevented by announcing Minimum Support Price.

5. Several Insurance schemes and crop protection schemes are introduced.

6. Farmers are provided with technical assistance and training.

These measures have improved agriculture to a major extent.

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