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Describe the concept of four noble truths in Buddha philosophy.
Mahatma Buddha sought to preach a means through which people who were suffering from the world’s miseries and sorrows attained peace and thus, freedom from their grief. He laid down four principles, called the Four Noble Truths, that elucidated the same.
(i) Existence of Sorrows: Truth of living is that the world is filled with misery and anguish. People suffer greatly due to the sorrows of birth, death, profit and loss, union and disunion. This is an unavoidable truth that exists in the lives of all people.
(ii) Reason for Sorrow: It is due to human’s constant desires and passions that we experience this sorrow.
(iii) Resolution of Sorrow: We can overcome our sorrows by ending our wants and needs.
(iv) Path to end Sorrow: Mahatma Buddha mentions an eightfold plan that can guide all men to free themselves from the ceaseless cycle of desire and sorrow.
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