Answer :

The changing methods of voting in India from 1952 today are:

a. In the first general election, Steel ballot boxes were placed inside the polling booth for each candidate.


b. Each voter was given a blank ballot paper to be dropped in the box of the preferred candidate.


c. Each box displayed the candidate name and his symbol, both inside and outside the box.


d. Ballot papers were introduced only after the second general election.


e. It had the names and symbols of all the candidates contesting in the election.


f. The voter had to put a stamp on the name of the preferred candidate.


g. During the end of 199Os, the election commission started using electronic voting machine-EVM.


h. It had the names and symbols of all the candidates contesting in the election.


i. The voter has to press a button against the name of the preferred candidate.


OR


The three considerations that guided the interim government’s


approach towards the merger of Princely States into India was:


a. The people of the princely states wanted to merge with the Indian Union.


b. The Government of India was prepared to be flexible in giving autonomy to some regions.


c. The integration and consolidation of territorial boundaries of the country were of Supreme importance.


Sardar Patel played a historical role in the finalization of this Merger. He was then the home minister and Deputy Prime Minister. He played an important role in the following manner:


a. He visited every princely state and negotiated with them.


b. His negotiation was firm but diplomatic.


c. It was a difficult task which required a lot of persuasion.


A peaceful negotiation had brought about all the princely state into the Indian Union by signing the instrument of accession before India got independence.


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