The Mauryan Empire was extremely vast in size, and therefore required many administrative features.
a. According to Asokan inscriptions, the Mauryan Empire contained five major political centres – the capital city of Pataliputra, and four provincial centres: Taxila, Ujjayini, Tosali, and Suvarnagari.
b. While the content of these inscriptions is the same throughout the Empire, historians now believe it is unlikely that administration was uniformly done, since the regions in the Empire were too diverse.
c. Administrative control was probably strongest around the capital and the provincial centres. These centres were carefully chosen. For example, Taxila and Ujjayini were on important trade routes, and Suvarnagiri might have been important for tapping the gold mines of present-day Karnataka.
d. There was communication across the empire through land and river routes. The army played an important role in providing provisions and protection for those moving along these routes. Megasthenes mentioned a committee with six sub-committees for coordinating military activity.
e. Asoka also promoted dhamma in order to keep his empire together.
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