Q. 4

Describe the achievements of India in the field of astronomy and astrology.

Answer :

The ancient India was known for scholarly work in mathematics, astronomy and astrology.

a) Aryabhatta was a famous astronomer. He postulated several ideas, including the fact that earth revolved around the sun.

b) He is also credited with explaining the reasons behind solar and lunar eclipse, discovery of planets, moon month of 30 days and twelve month year.

c) He also explained the concept of simple and leap year, by adding the Purshottam month at the end of every third year.

d) Other famous astrologers and astronomers were Varamihira, Nagarjuna and Vagbhatta.

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