Answer :

In 1724, Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah established Hyderabad, a state that spread over most of the Deccan plateau. Not only he popular the state but make it prosperous as it had its own army, railway and airline network, postal system and a radio network. Eighty-five percent of the Nizam's subjects were Hindus. In 1798, the Royal state of Hyderabad was the first to agree to British protection under the policy of Subsidiary Alliance. In 1947, when the British left India, they gave the princely states the choice to either join India or Pakistan or remain independent. Being one state not under the British rule, it opposed the idea of a merger with India after Independence. Then Sardar Patel requested Nizam to join India but he refused and declared Hyderabad as an independent state in 1947. So the government of India did a military operation named as operation polo in order to annexed Hyderabad. It was five-day warfare that leads to violence on communal lines and resulted in the signing of the instrument of Accession by Nizam of Hyderabad.


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