Q. 24.3( 18 Votes )
Describe how the situation of labour has changed in powerlooms and mills. Do you think this change is beneficial to the labourers or to the owner? Give reasons for your answer.
The situation of labours in powerlooms and mills were completely different. The labours in power looms were given salary according to the quantity or the pieces they produce while in mills they are provided with monthly salary; thus, in powerlooms the workers were paid less salary as compare to mills. In powerlooms, the labours were not given any healthcare facilities, pension, or social security provisions. Also, they are not allowed to form trade unions whereas in mills, workers form trade unions to decide the wages. The labours of powerlooms faced certain health issues.
This change doesn’t benefit the labours as they faced many problems. But this change was beneficial to the owners of the powerlooms in many ways –
i. Britishers who introduced powerlooms in India earned a lot of profit as the quality of the cloth produced was low.
ii. Proper facilities such as healthcare facilities, pensions and social security were not provided to the labours. This way they earned more profit, and the mills began to decline.
iii. They impacted the choices of the people in terms of fabric as they produced variety of fabrics such as shirts, suits, blankets, dhotis, towels, sarees, etc. This way powerlooms began to develop and mills declined.
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