Answer :

Current Government strategy of poverty alleviation: To eliminate the poverty many schemes and programmes have been launched by the government. Some of them have been mentioned below:

1. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (2005) [MNREGA]: It was launched in 2005 and was implemented in 200 districts on 2nd February, 2006. This scheme provides 100 days assured employment every year to every rural household in 200 districts. If an applicant is not provided employment within 15 days then s/he will be entitled to a daily unemployment allowance.


2. Prime-Minister Rozgar Yojana (PMRY): This programme was started in 1993 which aims at creating self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns by helping them set up small business and factories.


3. Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY): This was launched in 1999 aiming to bring the assisted poor families who are not below the poverty line by organizing them into self-help groups. In this yojana people below poverty line are not targeted; here the aim of government is to avail self-help groups for people who are above poverty line so that they can improve their conditions and fulfill their other basic requirements.


4. Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY): This was launched in 2000 and aims at improving the standard of living of rural people by developing aspects like health, drinking water, housing, roads and primary education.


5. Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY): Its launching year was December 2000. Under this yojana, one crore of the poorest families were identified. Food grains of 25 kilograms were made available to each family at a highly subsidized rate of Rs. 2 per kilogram for wheat and for rice for Rs. 3 per kilogram. The quantity is subject to be improvised to improve the efficacy of the program.


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