Q. 55.0( 1 Vote )

Describe briefly

Answer :

(a) A Little toe in the foot is pierced by a thorn and is bleeding.


The following steps should be taken care of:


(i) In the case of bleeding, raise the affected part to minimize gravitational outflow of blood.


(ii) Wash the cut surface with clean water, press the area with a piece of clean cotton wool, and if possible, apply some mild antiseptic.


(b) An elderly woman walking on the footpath during a hot mid-day has fallen unconscious.


The following steps should be taken care of:


(i) Immediately lay the woman comfortably on a side of the road.


(ii) Loosen the clothes.


(iii) Let fresh air be around the woman.


(iv) Give some fluids to drink to the woman.


(c) A young boy has burnt his finger tip while firing crackers.


The following steps should be taken care of:


(i) Immediately wash his burnt finger with sufficiently cold water for a few minutes.


(ii) Do not rub the burnt region.


(iii) Apply creams/ointments especially recommended, in case they are readily available.


(d) Your gardener has been bitten by a snake while digging soil in the flower bed.


The following steps should be taken care of:


(i) Immediately squeeze out some blood from the wound.


(ii) Tie a tourniquet above the site to prevent spreading of venom into the body.


(e) Your friend has received an electric shock.


The following steps should be taken care of:


(i) Lay the victim flat on his back and put a pillow or folded towel under his shoulders in a way that his chest is raised and the head was thrown back.


(ii) Hold and draw his arms upwards and backward. This will cause his chest to expand and draw the air.


(iii) Next, fold the victim’s arms and press them against the ribs. The air will now be expelled.


(iv) Repeat the two steps at the rate of about 15 times per minute. Continue till the victim starts breathing without any extra help or till the doctor arrives.


(f) Your little brother has swallowed a poisonous liquid.


The following steps should be taken care of:


(i) If a person tends to vomit then turn their head to the side in order to prevent choking.


(ii) Go straight to an emergency room.


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