Following are the reforms that were introduced by Napoleon:
1. The Civil Code of 1804 – known as the Napoleonic Code – did away with all the privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property. This code was exported to regions under French control.
2. Napoleon simplified administrative divisions, abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial dues in the Dutch Republic, Switzerland, Italy, and Germany. In towns, guild restrictions were removed.
3. Uniform laws, standard weights, and measures and a common national currency were introduced to facilitate the movement and exchange of goods and capital from one region to another.
NOTE – After Napoleon conquered territories in Europe in the 18th century, he introduced a variety of new policies to regulate and control all the territories. These reforms were aimed at strengthening his rule on the territories conquered through administrative, economic and financial ways.
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