The four features of the ideology of the ‘‘Swatantra Party’’ founded
in 1959 are:
1. The government should be less involved in controlling the economy.
2. It was against the policy of the Nonalignment movement.
3. It favored in developing positive relations with the US.
4. It focused on the freedom of the individual.
5. It was also against the concept of centralized planning and nationalization.
The changes that took place in the ideology of the Communist
Party of India from 1920 to the first general elections in India in 1952 are:
1. In 1920. the Communist party was inspired by the Bolshevik revolution in Russia.
2. During world war 2, the communist party supported the British although they worked within the fold of the Indian National Congress earlier.
3. After India gained Independence, they resorted to violent methods of protests but soon stopped it.
4. It was single and united till 1964 when it split due to ideological differences in the leaders.
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