The plantation agriculture of intensive subsistence farming was introduced by the Europeans in colonies located in the tropics. Some of the important plantation crops are tea, coffee, cocoa, rubber, cotton, oil palm, sugarcane, bananas and pineapples.
The characteristic features of this type of farming are
• Large estates or plantations
Plantation agriculture will be mainly practised in large estates and huge plots. These types of farming were mainly started by the Europe colonialism which was done in most of the world countries.
• Large capital investment
Since these type of agriculture is practised in large areas and plots this will be in need of huge investment. Therefore it will own by the huge capitalist and no farmers will be practising this type of agriculture. The farmers involved will be labourers.
• Managerial and technical support
This agriculture needs managerial and technical support from the developed countries or from any other sources for the efficient production of the products.
• Cheap labour
There will be in need of the more number of labour and workers for the cheap wage rate. This will increase the production of the product of farming land. If the wage rates are very high then the efficiency in production reduces.
When the area is highly connected with all forms of transportation, it will be an inexpensive water transport network, reinforced by a good network of railways, roadways and waterways. This helps in the easy and cheap movement of raw materials, labour and finished products to different regions and the world.
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