Democracy is the most popular form of government in the world. Today most of the countries in the world are democracies. The word ‘democracy' is derived from two Greek words- demos and kratia meaning public and power respectively. Democracy implies giving the power to the people of the country. It can be defined as the government that is for the people, of the people and by the people. Thus, democracy is the form of governance in which the public has the ultimate power in decision making.
But the efficient functioning of the system can be seen very rarely. The democratic system functions on the presumption that everyone in the society is knowledgeable and aware of their rights and duties. Thus, people have limited or no particular knowledge about the functioning of the system is bound to make inappropriate decisions and judgements.
Some sections of the society especially the intellectual class are not the active participants of the democratic process. They are neither involved in the election process nor in voicing their opinions. Their apathy towards the system results in its major failure. In the democratic system, the common people do not participate in the majority of the decision making process. The people who vote in the general elections majorly comprise of people having their interests and affiliations to any major political party. Most of the common people do not cast their votes and remain behind in the election process. They are not active participants as candidates too.
The interests and personal affiliations of the political parties are treated and promoted as national interests. The law is bound in the shackles of money and muscle power. Those having both these influences control the working of the political system and the political parties become mere puppets in their hands. Thus, the system is controlled by the richer sections and the poorer sections are oppressed and harassed by them.
Thus, democracy can be considered as the rule of unqualified. The person who represents the system is given more importance and consideration than the system itself. The qualified people who have the talent and the drive to bring better governance remain far from the system and the government and political power will be controlled by the future generations of the present ruling class.
Still compared to other forms of governments like dictatorship and autocracy, democracy can be considered as a better form of government as it considered the opinion of the public. Constant improvements in these will help in rectifying the issues in its workings and will make the system more stable and sustainable.
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