Democracy is the most popular form of government in the world. Today most of the countries in the world are democracies. The word ‘democracy' is derived from two Greek words- demos and kratia meaning public and power respectively. Democracy implies giving the power to the people of the country. It can be defined as the government that is for the people, of the people and by the people. Thus, democracy is the form of governance in which the public has the ultimate power in decision making.
‘Democracy is considered a form of government, a theory of social organisation and a method of life.' As a form of government, democracy involves giving independence and power to the citizens on the basis of political power. It can be democracy as a kind of state and democracy as a kind of government. Democracy as the kind of state involves the public having the ultimate and absolute authority and power related to the formation of the government and their rule. Democracy as a kind of government involves the maintenance and reinforcement of democratic rule throughout the country. In both the ideologies, the people possess the ultimate power and authority in the system. The democratic rule can be direct or pure democracy or indirect or representative democracy. Direct democracy involves literally the participation of each and every citizen in decision making. This is rarely followed in countries as it has many impractical issues. In contrast, the representative democracy involves assigning the power of decision making to a select few through a democratically constituted election process. It can result in a parliamentary or a presidential form of government. In all these forms, the ultimate authority of political decision making vests with the sovereign citizens of the country.
Democratic power can also take the form of social democracy involving the social framework of systems. It involves giving power and authority to the people to have a socially equitable livelihood. It ensures the fulfillment of social equality whereby everyone is treated equally in the country. Fundamentally, it means that the citizens should not be discriminated on the basis of religion, region, caste, language, gender or other perspectives. Every person should be treated equally and respected in the country without giving any special preference for any select few. It involves breaking the taboos associated with religion, caste and other social factors and ensuring that everyone enjoys equal opportunities and rights.
In some instances, democracy can be considered as a method of living. It involves considering democracy as having a moral and spiritual perspective. It considers democracy as a spiritual form of living. The human morals, values, etiquettes and other philosophical views are considered as the basis of democracy.
Thus, democracy has its own perspectives in different purviews. It is important for the country to maintain democracy in all these senses. Only then the citizens would be given an equal and competent platform for self-development and to ensure the development and progress of the society and the country as a whole.
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