Q. 65.0( 2 Votes )

Democracies have been identified as most prominent political systems across the world. Do you think democracy has enabled to take care of all the expectations of people? Based on the examples cited in these chapters, write a short note on ‘democracy and social movements.’

Answer :

Social movements are based on different issue collection of individuals. They are expressed through different forms such as a voice on the street, an article in a newspaper or a petition on social media. It has a great influence on the democratically elected leaders. They can often put a check on democracy as well as create huge repercussions in the long run . Social movements have now become the basis for shaping the modern democratic life. They have become the single most important intermediary between citizens and the government.

We can also say that movements can actually replace an entire party in the future — for example, the creation of Aam Aadmi party in India. It started with the activist Anna Hazare's hunger strike in 2001. The impact of the protest was further intensified by the media coverage and social media. But the protesters realised that the ruling class is unresponsive and chose to become a formal party among themselves to fight the allegations of corruption.


However, not all social movements have struggled against democracy. Some have also become important factors in the development of democracy to a better level. Some progressive movement tends to strive for an inclusive and transparent form of decision making. If proper attention is paid to the internal and external factors that have an effect on the practices of social movements, it becomes a point of benefit for democracy.


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