Q. 1

Define crop? Name the various types of crops. What are Kharif and Rabi crops?

Answer :

When plants of same type are grown and cultivated at a large scale it is known as Crop. The various types of crops are Wheat Rice, Maize, Chickpea, Mustard etc.

Kharif crops- The crops that are grown during the rainy( monsoon season) are known as Kharif crops. The seeds are sown at the beginning of the monsoon season and are reared at the end of the monsoon season.

Example - Rice(Paddy), Millet and Cotton crop

Rabi Crop - Crops grown at the winter season starting from October till march are known as Rabi Crops.

Example - Wheat, Mustard and Gram

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