- Taxonomy refers to the science of naming, classifying and giving an identity to biological organisms.
- It is done on the basis of common characters that the organims share.
- A taxon is the unit of classification. (Taxon: singular; Taxa: plural)
- A taxon is, in simple terms, a rank. Species, family, order, class, all these are taxons.
For example, for humans, the various taxons are,
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