Dalit participation in Civil Disobedience Movement was limited:
1. Congress had ignored Dalits for a long time because they didn’t want to offend the conservative high-caste Hindus.
2. But Gandhi wanted to eliminate untouchability. He called them children of God or Harijan and organized satyagraha to get them access to public wells, schools, and temples.
3. He himself cleaned toilets to respect the work of the bhangi and tried to persuade the upper caste to give up untouchability.
4. But many Dalit leaders believed only political empowerment can solve the problems faced by the community in the society.
5. They demanded separate electorates for the Dalit community in legislative councils and reserved seats in educational institutions. So Dalit participation was limited especially in the Maharashtra and Nagpur region.
Explanation: Mahatma Gandhi wanted to bring Dalits back into the society and end the discrimination. But the Dalits didn’t believe that it would work so they wanted the political power that would be ensured so that they have independence.
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