Q. 44.3( 3 Votes )

Countries discussed in the above chapter were all mostly dependent on agriculture. What were the measures taken in these countries to change these practices?

Answer :

China is an example of an agricultural country. In the organization of an agricultural nation, all the production, trade, commerce, and development is based on agriculture. Certain steps are to be taken to remain beneficial with agriculture. They are:

a) Proper and timely implementation of agricultural reforms ( this may include land reforms and bills which are favorable to farmers)


b) The accurate class classification of all the farmers and those who are totally dependent on agriculture


c) Elimination of the Landlord-tenant system


d) Equal distribution of profit to the agricultural laborers


e) To take steps to avoid debt and other difficulties of revenue.


Taking China as an example, these features are noted:


a) Inclusive land reforms were launched in 1950-1951 in China.


b) About 60% of the poor farmers got back their own land.


c) 43% of China’s cultivated land in rural areas were back into the hands of peasants.


d) The peasants benefited both economically and in living standards.


e) Vietnam which is famous for its beaches and rivers improved its irrigation system


f) The steps to make irrigation canals, marketing and export of rice etc were very effective.


g) The democratic republic of Vietnam came under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh in August 1945. Soon after the farmers got a reduction in land rents to about 25%.


There were changes in the administrative level also like:


1) Peasant council was organized


2) Discussions and solutions related to the agricultural sector were done with immediate action.


3) Laws were passed to redistribute the land among the working laborers.


4) The power of landlords was demolished.


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