Answer :

A transition element should contain incomplete d-orbital to be considered as one. The atomic number of Cu is Z=29, ideally it should have an electronic configuration of 4s2 3d9. This ground state is hypothetical and is not observed in Cu, due to a more stable available configuration, is the electron from s-orbital is put in d-orbital it forms a completely filled which we know is stable. So, it attains a 3d10 configuration.


The orbital diagram can be considered as follows:


Electronic configuration = 4s1 3d10


Ground state


So according to the definition of transition elements Cu2+ has an empty d-orbital and thus can exhibit the properties of a transition element.


Rate this question :

How useful is this solution?
We strive to provide quality solutions. Please rate us to serve you better.
Try our Mini CourseMaster Important Topics in 7 DaysLearn from IITians, NITians, Doctors & Academic Experts
Dedicated counsellor for each student
24X7 Doubt Resolution
Daily Report Card
Detailed Performance Evaluation
caricature
view all courses
RELATED QUESTIONS :

Note : In the folChemistry - Exemplar

Match the propertChemistry - Exemplar

The electronic coChemistry - Exemplar

<span lang="EN-USChemistry - Board Papers

Match the propertChemistry - Exemplar

Match the statemeChemistry - Exemplar

Gadolinium belongChemistry - Exemplar