Q. 43.7( 6 Votes )

Considering the above discussion, what should be done so that our manpower is utilized properly, sex ratio improves and population growth is controlled? Write two to three sentences on each.

Answer :

Manpower refers to the human resource of a country. The higher the population, the greater the manpower. The increased population can be a great asset if it is used properly and productively.


Steps to utilize manpower:


1. Providing education and improving the standard of education enables the people of a country to gain appropriate skills and knowledge.


2. Based on the skills, the manpower can be classified as skilled and unskilled sector and can be placed in various industries.


3. Providing basic health facilities to all sections of labourers aid in increased productivity and prevents employees refraining from work due to health issues.


4. In large scale sectors, many training programmes can be conducted to improve the talent hidden in the employees.


The number of females per thousand men is referred to as the Sex ratio. Generally, in a country like India, the sex ratio is very poor.


Steps to improve sex ratio:


1. Educating and creating awareness among the masses about the role of women in the development of a country may improve the sex ratio.


2. Making sure that the laws against female foeticide and infanticide are followed properly.


3. Preventing child marriages to avoid the mortality of young girls.


4. Granting equal rights to women and making them enjoy equal opportunities on par with men.


5. Increasing the self-esteem of women through education, employment and independence.


Increasing population is always a concern and poses a serious threat to the economic development of the country.


Steps to control population:


1. Making people, especially the rural masses understand about the problems faced due to increased population.


2. Adopting various birth control methods.


3. Providing education and eradication of poverty which indirectly helps in population control. An educated person can understand the consequences of having too many children. Similarly, if poverty is eradicated, there will be an end to child labour. Child labour persuades a poor man to have children and send them to jobs to earn for himself and his family.


These are some of the steps that can be taken to utilize manpower, improve the sex ratio and control the population of a country.


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