Answer :

Given:


Largest Distance of Separation = Diameter of the nucleus ,


Charge on each proton ,


________________________________________________


Formula used:


By Coulomb’s law, the electric force is given by:



Where ϵ0 is the permittivity of free space


k is the electrostatic constant


q1 and q2 are the magnitude of charges


r is the distance of separation between the charges


The electric force is repulsive and is given by:





The protons do not fly apart because there is also strong nuclear force which is attractive and balances the repulsive electric force.


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