Q. 2

Compare the condition of tenant farmers before freedom and farmers of today.

What differences and similarities do you find?

Answer :

During Colonial rule the peasants were forced to work without wages (vetti) on the personal land of zamindars.


The Britishers introduced several challenges like permanent settlement by Lord Cornwallis, where the zamindars were given powers to collect revenue, they continuously increased the revenue and converted all the peasants into tenants. The Ryotwari system was introduced by Thomas Munro, where revenue were collected directly by the cultivators, but the land revenue were so high that ryotwari area (cultivators land) became full of landlords and again the tenants had to pay high rents.


The peasants would borrow money from the landlords to pay the rent, however if they could not pay back, the landlords would take them to court to get their land auctioned. In these ways the peasants suffered a lot.


Even today there are many tenant farmers and those who are not have very small shareholding. During droughts/floods peasants suffers and get compelled to suicide.


The difference is that, today farmers are exempted from landholdings; many initiatives are taken by the government to ease the lives of peasants and get them paid accurately.


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