Q. 2 C4.1( 38 Votes )
Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
Compare the advantages and disadvantages of multi-purpose river projects.
Advantages of multi-purpose river projects: Multi-purpose river projects, as the name suggests, makes water available for multiple uses. It provides water for irrigation and domestic use. This water is also used for hydroelectricity. This also prevents floods, and is used for fish breeding and inland navigation. Example, Hirakund project in the Mahanadi basin helps in conservation of water and flood control.
Disadvantages: Collecting water in dams disturbs the natural flow. This means that the sediment deposition on the river banks will be lesser. This also causes excessive sediment deposition at the bottom of the reservoir, disturbing the natural aquatic life. This has also caused disputes between states regarding the sharing it's costs and water availability. If the water is in a still state, there are chances of diseases being spread. Collecting the water in a reservoir also means that a lot of land will be covered which was, once, a forest cover or a village. The reservoir water also causes pollution due to excessive use of water.
Rate this question :
Describe any five measures adopted for the conservation of water resources.
Name any two multipurpose river valley projects or dams which have led to new social movements. Why do people oppose them?Together With Social Science
Describe how the rainwater harvesting is carried out in semi-arid and arid parts of Rajasthan.Full Marks - Social Science
What are the steps that India has to take to conserve water resources in the country?Full Marks - Social Science
What are the different methods of irrigation in India?Full Marks - Social Science
Write a short note on hydraulic structures in ancient India.Full Marks - Social Science