Q. 165.0( 1 Vote )

Comment, in the c

Answer :

In modern India, we definitely see the emergence of the term called ‘Secularisation’. It means a decline in the influence of religion. Many assumptions were made by the theorists or Modernisation regarding modern society becoming secular. The process of Secularisation made clear about the levels of involvement with religious organisations such as rates of church attendance, the social and material influence of religious organisations and the degree to which people hold religious beliefs.

In traditional India, the caste system was considered important. The system of purity and pollution remained a central practice but today it is entirely different. Such criteria serve or functions as political pressure groups.

We witnessed the formation of caste associations and caste political parties in contemporary India. They put forth their demand in front of the state with the hope to fulfil those demands. All these changes could be said as changing the role of caste becoming more and more secularised for political mobilisation.

In the colonial and the post-colonial period, backward castes and classes emerged as a political body. It was evident during the colonial period that they gave privileges and provided patronage according to the caste.

For maintaining social and political identity in institutional life, it became important to stay within the caste. Because of all this same caste, people united to form and stay within the ‘horizontal stretch’. Thus, caste lost its ritual content and became more and more secularised for political mobilisation.

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