Answer :

The different thinkers and writers who have influenced various resolutions are :

1. James Ottis - Lawyer in Colonial Massachusetts. Gave the slogan for the American War of Independence-’No taxation without representation’.


2. John Adams-Second President of USA. He said that the revolution was already in the minds of people before the war commenced.


3. John locker- An enlightenment thinker and Father of Liberalism. He said that everyone has fundamental rights and the government has no right to suspend them.


4. Thomas Paine- Common Sense and the American Crisis


5. Thomas Jefferson-Third President of USA. He was the author of Declaration and a proponent of democracy, republicanism and individual rights.


6. Benjamin Franklin-He was the sixth governor of Pennsylvania. he was a major figure in American enlightenment and one of the founding fathers of USA.


7. James Madison- The fourth President of the USA and the Father of the Constitution of USA. He was also a member of the Continental Congress.


8. Montesquieu promoted the division of power into three- The legislature, the executive and the judiciary.


9. Voltaire who influenced the French Revolution. He was against the exploitation of the clergy. He advocated a rational thinking mechanism, humanism, and equality.


10. Rosseau explained the importance of freedom during the French Revolution. He wrote in a book called the ‘Social Contract’. He said ‘Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains’.


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