i. These compounds contain directional covalent bonds which involve sharing of electrons.
ii. They exhibit isomerism.
iii. They are usually liquids or gases in nature, but some are solids.
iv. They are freely soluble in non-polar solvents like benzene and generally insoluble in polar solvents like water.
v. They have lower melting and boiling points.
i. Majority constituents in our body are covalent compounds.
ii. Water is a covalent compound and it has many uses.
iii. Most of the organic compounds are covalent compounds.
iv. Sugar, vinegar, cooking gas are all covalent compounds.
v. Important gases like CO2, NH3 are all covalent compounds.
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