Q. 34.0( 2 Votes )

Collect more information about the constructive programme put forth by Gandhiji.

Answer :

● In addition to the non-cooperation movement, Gandhi introduced a constructive programme to address certain pertinent issues which were being faced by the nation as a whole.


● To make political independence more meaningful, there were certain weaknesses in the Indian social structure which needed to be strengthened.


● Conflicts between different religious groups (mainly Hindus and Muslims), untouchability, fear arising out of ignorance, economic disparities, the decaying condition of our villages, the plight of Adivasis, kisans and the labourers, and the position of women were areas of major concern.


● So, in a small booklet, entitled, “Constructive Programme: its meaning and place”, he appealed to all Congressmen and others engaged in the freedom struggle to address these issues.


The original thirteen items were:


i. Communal Unity


ii. Removal of Untouchability


iii. Prohibition


iv. Khadi


v. Village Industries


vi. Village Sanitation


vii. Nai Talim or Basic Education


viii. Adult Education


ix. Women


x. Knowledge of Health and Hygiene


xi. Provincial languages


xii. National Language


xiii. Economic Inequality.


To this, he added five more items:


i. Kisans


ii. Labour


iii. Adivasis


iv. Lepers


v. Students


● The 18 point constructive programme thus became his framework for the new India he wished to see after Swaraj.


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