(1) Colin Mackenzie (1754-1821) was the employee of East India Company. He was an engineer, surveyor and cartographer who in 1800 brought to light the ruins at Hampi. He was the first Surveyor General of India.
(2) Mackenzie collected the local histories and surveyed the historic sites to understand India’s past. He received information from the priests of the Virupaksha temple and shrine of Pampadevi. Inscriptions and the accounts of foreign travellers were the important sources to rediscover the Vijayanagar Empire.
(3) According to Mackenzie, the study of the Vijayanagara Empire could be beneficial to the East India Company, as it provided useful information on many of the institutions, laws and customs which influenced the various tribes of Natives that formed the general mass of the population.
Rate this question :