Q. 1 A4.1( 89 Votes )

Choose the correct option from the given options and complete the sentences.

(1) It may be said that …….. was the founder of modern historiography.

(a) Voltaire

(b) René Descartes

(c) Leopold Ranké

(d) Karl Marx

(2) ………… wrote the book entitled ‘Archaeology of Knowledge.’

(a) Karl Marx

(b) Michel Foucault

(c) Lucien Febvre

(d) Voltaire

Answer :

(1) (a) Voltaire


Voltaire was considered to be the ‘Father of the modern historiography.’


Explanation Francois Marie Arouet who is also known as Voltaire came to be known as the ‘Father of the modern historiography’ because he thought that to write the history, it is important to consider all the aspects of human life and not just the authenticity of the historical truth and chronology.


(2) (b) Michel Foucault


Michel Foucault wrote the book entitled ‘Archaeology of Knowledge.’


Explanation – Michel Foucault, in his book, ‘Archaeology of Knowledge’ came up with the concept that transformation or the changes in the past is the most important point to take into consideration while writing history.


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